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APA

Citations

General Format

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 
(Author Surname, Year)

In-Text Citation (Quotation):
(Author Surname, Year, page number)

References:
Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Article title: Subtitle. Journal Title, Volume(issue), page range. doi:xx.xxxxxxxxxx OR Retrieved from URL of journal home page [if available].  

 

Example

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 

(Pettigrew, 2009)

In-Text Citation (Quotation):
(Pettigrew, 2009, p. 30)

References:
Pettigrew, T. F. (2009). Secondary transfer effect of contact: Do intergroup contact effects spread to noncontacted outgroups? Social Psychology, 40(2), 55-65. doi:10.1027/1864-9335.40.2.55

Attend Section

General Format

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 
(Author Surname, Year)
In-Text Citation (Quotation):
(Author Surname, Year)
 
References:
Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Lecture Title[Format]. Retrieved from Institution Course name Blackboard site.

 

Example

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 
(Bethel University, 2010)
In-Text Citation (Quotation):
(Bethel University, 2010)
 
References:
Bethel University. (2010). Orientation to Online Learning[Video]. Retrieved from https://www.betheluniversityonline.net/.
 

Read Section

 

General Format

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 
(Author Surname, Year)
In-Text Citation (Quotation):
(Author Surname, Year, p. X)
 
References:
Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Book title: Subtitle.Retrieved from https://www.betheluniversityonline.net

 

Example

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 
(Bethel University, 2012)
In-Text Citation (Quotation):
(Bethel University, 2012, p.1)
 
References:
Bethel University. (2012). Awesome Information. Retrieved from https://www.betheluniversityonline.net/.

 

Example

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 
(Kinicki & Williams, 2012)
In-Text Citation (Quotation):
(Kinicki & Williams, 2012, p. 36)
 
References:
Kinicki, A., & Williams, B. (2012). Management: a practical introduction. Retrieved from https://betheluniversityonline.net.

General Format

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 
(Author Surname, Year)
In-Text Citation (Quotation):
(Author Surname, Year, p. X)
 
References:
Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Book title: Subtitle.Place of Publication: Publisher.

 

Example

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 
(Franks, 2005)
In-Text Citation (Quotation):
(Franks, 2005, p. 148)
 
References:
Franks, A. (2005). Margaret Sanger's eugenic legacy: The control of female fertility. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company.

YouTube

General Format

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase):

(Author Surname OR Screen name, Year)

In-Text Citation (Quotation):

(Author Surname OR Screen name, Year)

References:

Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. OR Author screen name. (Year, Month Day {of video post}). Title of video [Video file]. Retrieved from URL of specific video

Example

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase):

(Norton, 2006)

In-Text Citation (Quotation):

(Norton, 2006)

References: Norton, R. (2006, November 4). How to train a cat to operate a light switch [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vja83KLQXZs

State Court Decisions

General Format

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase):

(Name v. Name, Year)

References:

Name v. Name, Volume Reporter abbreviation Page (Court abbreviation Year).

Example

In-Text Citations

(Smith v. Doe, 2014)

References:

People v. Armour, 590 S.W. 61 (Tenn. 1999)

Supreme Court Decisions

General Format

In-Text Citations

(Name v. Name, Year)

References:

Name v. Name, Volume Source Page (Date).

Example

In-Text Citations

(United States v. Lane, 1986).

References:

United States v. Lane, 474 U.S. 438 (1986).

General Format 
      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 
      (Author Surname, Year qtd. as cited in Author Surname [of the source you read], Year)
     
      In-Text Citation (Quotation):
      (Author Surname, Year qtd. as cited in Author Surname [of the source you read],
      Year, page number)
 
      References:
      Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial [of the source you read]. (Year). Book title:
            Subtitle. Place of Publication: Publisher.
 
Example

      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 

      Fong’s 1987 study (as cited in Bertram, 1996) found that older students’ memory can
      be as good as that of young people, but this depends on how memory is tested.
  
     References:
      Do not include Fong (1987) in your References; do include Bertram (1996).

Basic Web Page

General Format

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 
(Author Surname, Year)
 
In-Text Citation (Quotation):
(Author Surname, Year, page or paragraph number [if available])
 
References:
Personal or Corporate Author. (Last update or copyright date; if not known, put n.d.). Title of specific document. Retrieved from URL of specific document

 

Example

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 
(Apple, 2016)
 
In-Text Citation (Quotation):
(Apple, 2016, para. 1)
 
References:
Apple, Inc. (2016). Environmental Responsibility. Retrieved from http://www.apple.com/environment/
 

University Website

General Format

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 
(Author Surname, Year)
 
In-Text Citation (Quotation):
(Author Surname, Year, page or paragraph number [if available])
 
References:
Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Last update or copyright date; if not known, put n.d.). Title of specific document.  Retrieved from Name of University website: URL of specific document

 

Example

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 
(Johnson & Becker, n.d.)
 
In-Text Citation (Quotation):
(Johnson & Becker, n.d.)
 
References:
Johnson, K.A., & Becker, J.A. (n.d.). The who brain atlas. Retrieved from Harvard University Medical School website: http://www.med.harvard.edu/AANLIB
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Journal Article APA reference citation:

 


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